Discover SlaveryDefinition & Description of Human Trafficking
The Horror of Human Trafficking
Words can only provide glimpses into the reality of how hearts and lives are crushed as real people around the world are kidnapped, sold, or coerced into become a slave to someone else. A life with dreams and hope turned into darkness and despair as their existence becomes only the source of money for someone else. The victim’s value is measured only by what the captor can gain by selling them to be used by others – over & over & over.
DEFINITION OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING
Human Trafficking is a crime against humanity.
It involves an act of recruiting, transporting, transferring, harboring or receiving a person through a use of force, fraud, coercion, or other means for the purpose of exploiting them.
United Against Human Trafficking an organization in Houston, Texas that is focused on educating the community about Human Trafficking provides a more in-depth definition.
Slavery doesn’t just occur in history books. Slavery happens every day in our own communities. Human trafficking is the second largest criminal industry in the world and the fastest growing. We are now faced with the vastest global slave trade ever known to humanity with more people enslaved today than at any point in history.
Human trafficking is modern day slavery. Victims of human trafficking are subjected to force, fraud, or coercion, for the purpose of sexual exploitation or forced labor. Victims are young children, teenagers, men and women.
Human trafficking is a violation of basic human rights. Human trafficking needs to be addressed from a human rights’ perspective that centers on efforts to restore the most basic human rights of a trafficked person…their human freedom.
In the United States, the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) defines “Severe Forms of Trafficking in Persons” as:
Sex Trafficking: the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act, in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person forced to perform such an act is under the age of 18 years;
Sex Trafficking may occur but not limited to:
- Strip Clubs
- Spas/Massage Parlors
- Modeling Studies
- Residential Brothels in Hotels, Motels, Apartments and Houses.
Labor Trafficking: the recruitment, harboring transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage or slavery.
Labor Trafficking may occur but not limited to:
- Agricultural Work
- Nail Salons
- Domestic Servitude
- Peddling/Begging/Traveling Sales Crew
Traffickers use force, fraud, and/or coercion to maintain control over their victims and keep them in servitude.
Traffickers offer fraudulent promises of employment, education or a better life to control victims. They coerce victims into servitude by threatening serious harm to the victims or their family members. Traffickers even force victims into slavery through confinement, physical assault and/or rape.
Human trafficking is slavery happening right now in our own communities. The ultimate goal of Houston Rescue and Restore Coalition and every organization against human trafficking is to ensure that one day, human slavery will truly be a thing of the past. Because no human life should be for sale.
HUMAN TRAFFICKING AND HUMAN SMUGGLING ARE THE SAME
Human Trafficking and smuggling are not the same. Smuggling always involves transportation and the crossing or penetration of an international border. Human Trafficking does not have to involve any form of transportation; a person can be a victim of human trafficking within their own community. Human Trafficking is a human rights issue and includes the elements of force, fraud, and coercion. It is important to note that while they are not the same, a smuggling situation can become Human Trafficking, but only when there is force, fraud, and coercion.
ALL TRAFFICKING IS SEX TRAFFICKING
While Sex Trafficking receives most of the media attention, there are actually more cases of labor trafficking worldwide. Labor trafficking takes many forms and can include: involuntary domestic servitude, pan handling, construction work, restaurant work, maid services in hotels and homes, lawn services, agricultural work, even a boys choir.
ALL PROSTITUTION IS HUMAN TRAFFICKING
While all “child prostitution” is human trafficking, not all adult prostitution is human trafficking. For various reasons, some people in prostitution voluntarily enter into the trade and want to continue in the industry. We also find that some trafficking victims, who are freed, will return to prostitution. Distinguishing between adult prostitution and adults who are trafficked into prostitution is vital in effectively identifying and assisting victims.